Taxonomy Books, Articles, and Reports

The Accidental Taxonomist, by Heather Hedden (

Typologies and Taxonomies : An Introduction to Classification Techniques (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences), by Kenneth D. Bailey (

Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences, by Geoffrey C. Bowker, Susan Leigh Star (

Organising Knowledge, Taxonomies, Knowledge and Organizational Effectiveness, by Patrick Lambe (

Information Architecture for the World Wide Web, by Peter Morville and Louis Rosenfeld (

Knowledge Representation: Logical, Philosophical, and Computational Foundations , by John F. Sowa (

The Intellectual Foundation of Information Organization (Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing), by Elaine Svenonius (

The Organization of Information : Second Edition (Library and Information Science Text Series), by Arlene G. Taylor (

This book and Taylor's Revised Ninth Edition of Wynar's Introduction to Cataloging and Classification are a must read to get a handle on current thinking in classification schemes.

Taxonomies: Frameworks for Corporate Knowledge, by Jan Wyllie (


A Metadata Primer, by Tony Byrne, CMS Watch.

How to Make a Faceted Classification and Put It On The Web, by William Denton.

Facets in Your Future, by Bob Doyle. EContent, June 2004

Structuring Your Content, by Bob Doyle. EContent, January 2005

Get Organizized, by Bob Doyle. EContent, June 2005

Taxonomy CoPs, FAQs, and Tips, by Bob Doyle. EContent, December 2005

Text mining (also discusses taxonomy and metadata issues), by Seth Earley

Definitions: Taxonomy, Ontology, Classification Schema, by Seth Earley

Indexing and taxonomy development, by Seth Earley

Managing multiple facets of a taxonomy, by Seth Earley

Developing enterprise taxonomies, by Seth Earley

All About Facets & Controlled Vocabularies, by K. Fast, F. Leise, and M. Steckel, Boxes and Arrows

Controlled Vocabularies: A Glosso-Thesaurus, by K. Fast, F. Leise, and M. Steckel, Boxes and Arrows

Creating a Controlled Vocabulary, by K. Fast, F. Leise, and M. Steckel, Boxes and Arrows

Synonym Rings and Authority Files, by K. Fast, F. Leise, and M. Steckel, Boxes and Arrows

What is a Controlled Vocabulary?, by K. Fast, F. Leise, and M. Steckel, Boxes and Arrows

Improving Usability with a Website Index, by Fred Leise, Conceptual Analysis, on Boxes and Arrows

Managing taxonomies strategically, by Jean Graef, Montague Institute, 2001

Ten Taxonomy Myths, by Jean Graef, Montague Institute, 2002

Taxonomies for the triple bottom line, by Jean Graef, Montague Institute, 2004

Taxonomy’s Role in Content Management, by Thomas Peck. EContent, March 2002 (requires subscription)

Glossary of terms relating to thesauri and other forms of structured vocabulary for information retrieval, by Leonard Will, Willpower Information.

Publications on thesaurus construction and use, by Leonard Will, Willpower Information.

A Taxonomy Primer, by Amy Warner, Lexonomy.

Mind your phraseology!: using controlled vocabularies to improve findability, by Christina Wodtke (of Boxes and Arrows), Digital Web.


Delphi Group White Papers (various from 2001 to 2005). Requires registration.

Systems of Knowledge Organization for Digital Libraries: Beyond Traditional Authority Files by Gail Hodge, April 2000.

ANSI/NISO Z39.19 - 2005 Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies

Equivalent international standard: ISO 2788
Abstract: Presents guidelines and conventions for the contents, display, construction, testing, maintenance, and management of monolingual controlled vocabularies. It focuses on controlled vocabularies that are used for the representation of content objects in knowledge organization systems including lists, synonym rings, taxonomies, and thesauri.
172 pp. (PDF) ISBN: 1-880124-65-3
ANSI Approval Date: 07/25/05
Status: Approved and Published Standard

Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) by W3C Semantic Web, November 2005.

Subject Classification with DITA and SKOS by IBM developerWorks, November 2005.

Subject Classification with DITA and SKOS by IBM developerWorks, November 2005.


The Semantic Web, by Eric Miller, W3C

Evaluating Taxonomy Development Tools, by Marcia Morante, KCurve

Metadata, Taxonomies, and Controlled Vocabularies, by Marcia Morante, KCurve


Taxonomy Guide Professional Learning Centre, Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto

. The Taxonomy Guide is an online resource and learning tool about why and how to build and implement a taxonomy for an intranet. This resource has five modules beginning with an introduction to concepts and working through classification techniques, software tools, design stages, implementation considerations, and the planning process

Taxonomy Watch by Linda Farmer. This weblog provides a current awareness service on news concerning taxonomies and their application in organizing digital content. It also covers related topics such as thesauri, topic maps and semantic technologies.

Taxonomy Wiki Stephanie Lemieux's wikispace is a growing resource for members of Seth Earley's TaxoCop community of practice. The wiki was created as a space for the Taxonomy Community to share experiences and case studies, create a document repository, collaborate on best practices, and generally engage in dialogue with colleagues on a personal and professional level to help advance the practice of creating and managing taxonomies and other related issues. Topics include anything to do with taxonomy, social networks, knowledge managment, and information architecture.